"I recently flew through the edge of Class Bravo airspace without a clearance. My Instructor told me to fill out a NASA form. What is that? He said it can keep me from FAA enforcement. Is that true?" - Pat R.
“NASA maintains the Aviation Safety and Reporting System, commonly called the NASA form.
The program’s goal is to identify any safety issues in the aviation system. The form should not be used to report aviation accidents.
Basically, anytime that you see or experience any issue that you think may have an adverse effect on system safety, it should be reported.
The Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) receives, processes and analyzes voluntarily submitted incident reports from pilots, air traffic controllers, dispatchers, flight attendants, maintenance technicians, and others. Reports submitted to ASRS may describe both unsafe occurrences and hazardous situations.
The FAA considers the filing of a report with NASA to be indicative of a constructive attitude. They believe making a report will tend to prevent future violations. Although if eventually they find that you have committed a violation, the FAA will not impose a penalty or certificate suspension if the violation was inadvertent (not deliberate), there was no criminal offense, you had no prior FAA enforcement actions for the 5 years prior to the date of occurrence, and you submit the report within 10 days.”
Note: Examples of incidents that are commonly reported include airspace violations, busting an IFR altitude, or close-calls with other aircraft. Common safety issues that have been reported are confusing taxiway or runway markings, ATC radio interference, similar sounding call signs, defective navigation aid, an aircraft system anomaly, or a confusing ATC procedure.
Visit ASRS for more information or to file a report.